Thermodynamics: The Unique Universal Science

Mi jhus startis legi tiun bonegan artikolon pri la historio de la termodinamko


Thermodynamics is a physical branch of science that governs the thermal behavior of dynamical systems from those as simple as refrigerators to those as complex as our expanding universe. The laws of thermodynamics involving conservation of energy and nonconservation of entropy are, without a doubt, two of the most useful and general laws in all sciences. The first law of thermodynamics, according to which energy cannot be created or destroyed, merely transformed from one form to another, and the second law of thermodynamics, according to which the usable energy in an adiabatically isolated dynamical system is always diminishing in spite of the fact that energy is conserved, have had an impact far beyond science and engineering. In this paper, we trace the history of thermodynamics from its classical to its postmodern forms, and present a tutorial and didactic exposition of thermodynamics as it pertains to some of the deepest secrets of the universe.

 classical thermodynamics; statistical thermodynamics; system thermodynamics; entropy; dynamical systems theory; relativity theory; gravity; life, consciousness, and death; entropic arrow of time


Feliĉan Kristnaskon 2017 kaj bondezirojn pro la nova jaro 2018

Frohe Weihnachten 2017 und gute Wünsche zum neuen Jahr 2018. 

Feliĉan Kristnaskon 2017 kaj bondezirojn pro la nova jaro 2018. 

Ich wünsche meinen Nächsten und allen Menschen im Lahn-Dill-Kreis das schönste Weihnachtsfest und alles Gute, Glück und Gesundheit im neuen Jahr 2018. 

Mi deziras al miaj proksimuloj kaj al ĉiuj homoj en la Lahn-Dill-distrikto la plej bonan kristnaskfeston kaj ĉiun bonon, feliĉon kaj sanon en la nova jaro 2018.

Korajn Salutojn, Georg